By Economic Times – Lifestyle changes due to lockdown may trigger weight gain and enhanced risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in healthy people AgenciesA two-pronged analytical strategy was employed. First, the metabolic risk profile related to age, sex, weight, family history and exercise pattern was analysed.New Delhi: Lifestyle changes brought about by the lockdown to curb the spread of the coronavirus may trigger weight gain and enhance the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in healthy people, according to a new study.
The study showed that 40% of the participants gained up to 5 kg and 16% added 2.1-5 kg. The risk score for diabetes was calculated using BMI.
Data was collected online from 100 household members of type 2 diabetes patients in India between the 42nd and 49th days of the lockdown.
“According to our previous research, we are going to have many patients with uncontrolled diabetes and complications. To add to those numbers will be scores of patients with new onset diabetes as per our modelling estimates,” said Anoop Misra, chairman of Fortis CDOC Hospital for Diabetes and Allied Specialties and one of the authors of the study paper.
Misra cautioned that “all individuals above 30 years age not known to have diabetes must get sugar profiling done.”
The study was to be published in Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews, the official journal of Diabetes India.
When all risk parameters were analysed, the researchers found a further increase in weight among 3% of the study subjects who were already obese at baseline.
A two-pronged analytical strategy was employed. First, the metabolic risk profile related to age, sex, weight, family history and exercise pattern was analysed.
“This was followed by an assessment of the risk of developing type 2 diabetes using an established risk assessment engine,” the study said. “We show an increased risk of T2MD consequent to weight gain during 49 days of lockdown in India.”
This was a single centre study and conducted in a tertiary centre. The assessment only identifies those at risk and it should not be assumed that there was an increase in T2D prevalence, the researchers said. For conclusive evidence, the risk assessment should be followed by blood glucose measurement, which was not done in this study, the authors noted.
An earlier study had found that the lockdown disrupted diet and lifestyle in patients with type 2 diabetes. It found that carbohydrate consumption and frequency of snacking increased by 21% and 23%, respectively.
Significantly, 27% of the individuals reported an increase in consumption of fruits. Exercise duration was reduced by 42% and weight gain occurred in 19% of them.
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