The word “juice” comes from Old French in about 1300; it developed from the Old French words “jus, juis, jouis”, which mean “liquid obtained by boiling herbs”.
The “Old French jus “juice, sap, liquid” (13c.)…[came] from Latin ius [which means] “broth, sauce, juice, soup,” from PIE root *yeue- “to blend, mix food” (cognates: Sanskrit yus- “broth,” Greek zyme “a leaven”).
The use of the word “juice” to mean “the watery part of fruits or vegetables” was first recorded in the early 14th century.
Groups of grape pits dated to 8000 BCE show early evidence of juice production; although it is thought that the grapes may have been alternatively used to produce wine.
The Dead Sea Scrolls dated before 150 b.c. mentioned the mashing of pomegranate and figs by an ancient tribe from Israel known as the Essenes. They said that pomegranate juice gave them strength.
One of the first regularly produced juices was lemonade, appearing in 16th century Italy, as an import, after its conception in the Middle East.
The French scientist Louis Pasteur figured out that by heating liquids like beer, wine, and milk before packaging them, they could go longer without spoiling and so pasteurisation came into the picture.
In 1869, a dentist by the name Thomas B. Welch developed a pasteurisation method that allowed for the storage of juice, without the juice fermenting into alcohol. He then sold his new product as “Dr Welch’s Unfermented Wine”.
His method involved filtering squeezed grape juice into bottles, sealing them with cork and wax, and then placing them in boiling water. This method kills the yeast responsible for fermentation.
Around 1910 orange juice pasteurisation started on a large scale because orange growers in California had an overpopulation of fruit.
They needed ways to store and transport the fruit and the juice because no one had refrigerators yet, so the fresh juice wouldn’t last long enough and pasteurisation provided a solution.
In the 1920s, a physician named Max Gerson created his own organic fresh fruit and vegetables based diet which is believed to have cancer-curing benefits.
But it wasn’t until the 1930s, when author and raw food proponent Dr. Norman Walker invented the first juicing machine, that juicing became widely available.
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